What is better to choose IP or AHD video surveillance?

When selecting the best video surveillance systems for secure areas, it's important to weigh the pros and cons of two common types of security cameras - IP and AHD. By taking a comprehensive approach and considering the strengths and weaknesses of both technologies, you can make an informed decision that suits your specific needs.

Similarities and Differences between IP and AHD Cameras

Both IP and AHD cameras are versatile and can be used in various environments, from outdoor areas to enclosed factories, offices, residential spaces, and busy public places. They also offer high-quality image capture.

However, there are significant differences between the two technologies. An IP camera converts the 2MP matrix's photosensitive signal into a digital video stream that is transmitted in PC format, while an AHD camera transmits video using an analog interface, making it impossible to receive or process the data directly on a computer. Additionally, an IP camera's signal transmission range is five times shorter than an analog camera's.

Installing an IP camera requires additional equipment, such as a switch or router, and configuration, but it also has the advantage of power transmission through a data cable, unlike an analog camera.

Advantages of IP cameras

  • the ability to create a large-scale video surveillance network;
  • low cost of building a video system with a large number of observation points due to lower equipment costs;
  • the dependence of the scale of the video system only on the communication channels passing the data stream, and not on the capabilities of the camera;
  • Convenience of remote access to video data from a smartphone or via the Internet;
  • more opportunities for fast software processing and secondary data conversion;
  • the ability to control the sensitivity and image quality;
  • seamless integration with cloud services;
  • load balancing across routers and servers.

Disadvantages of IP cameras

  • short signal transmission range ( 100 m);
  • the need for additional costs for the acquisition of means of separation and stabilization of the signal;
  • picture delay during transmission;
  • the high cost and complexity of installation due to the use of not a conventional cable, but twisted pair;
  • the high cost of software related to video stream processing.

Advantages of AHD cameras

  • long range of data transmission (up to 500 m);
  • the ability to install in existing transmission networks a video stream of FullHD format, which has a higher resolution;
  • low cost of installation due to coaxial cable;
  • the ability to quickly and inexpensively replace old equipment or modify the video system in the direction of increasing functionality;
  • quick and easy setup and connection without resorting to the services of specialists;
  • adaptability to hybrid video recorders for the purpose of broadcasting video data to a PC;
  • the ability to connect multiple devices to the video system using only one stranded wire.
Disadvantages of AHD cameras

  • the high cost of building large-scale video surveillance networks because of the need to lay communication lines;
  • a significant increase in the cost of the system with an increase in the number of connected DVRs;
  • inaccessibility of maximum resolution.

The choice between digital and analog video surveillance technologies can be challenging, as each has its own strengths and weaknesses. For example, while one technology may excel in resolution, it may also be more expensive due to the cost of additional equipment. Conversely, another technology may have lower sensitivity but offer more efficient video data processing.

For large-scale operations such as logistics or shopping centers, or for large companies with existing digital data infrastructure, a digital IP video surveillance system is the ideal choice. On the other hand, for smaller areas such as apartments or cottages, a more affordable and easier-to-install AHD video surveillance system is a better fit.

Today in focus: